Demetrius fled to central Greece with his mercenaries and began to build support there and in the northern Peloponnese.
During July of the year 46 B. C, Caesar returned to Rome. He was given many honors and a ten-year dictatorship. These celebrations lasted from September to October and he brought Cleopatra over, along with her entourage. The conservative Republicans were very offended when he established Cleopatra in his home.
Her social manners did not make the situation any better. Cleopatra had started calling herself the New Isis and was the subject of much gossip. She lived in luxury and had a statue made of gold, placed by Caesar in the temple of Venus Genetrix. Caesar also openly claimed Caesarion as his son.
Many were upset that he was planning to marry Cleopatra regardless of the laws against bigamy and marriages to foreigners. However, on the Ides of March of 44 B. C, all of that came to an end. Caesar was assassinated outside the Senate Building in Rome.
He was killed in a conspiracy by his Senators. It was thought that Caesar was making plans to have himself declared king. Caesar had not mentioned Cleopatra or Caesarion in his will. She felt her life, as well as that of her child, was in great danger.
Upon returning to Alexandria, she had her consort, Ptolemy XIV, assassinated and established Caesarion as her co-regent at the age of four. She found Egypt suffering from plagues and famine. The Nile canals had been neglected during her absence which caused the harvests to be bad and the inundations low.
The bad harvests continued from 43 until 41 B. Cassius captured the legions which caused Dolabella to commit suicide at Laodicea during the summer of 43 B. Cleopatra waited and watched in the time that followed, who would be the next power in Rome.
After Brutus and Cassius had been killed, and Antony, Octavian and Lepidus were triumphant, Cleopatra knew which one she would have to deal with.
Octavian went back to Rome very ill, so Antony was the one to work. Her son gained his right to become king when Caesar was officially divinized in Rome on January 1, 42 B. Cleopatra was invited by Mark Antony to Tarsus in 41 B. She already knew enough about him to know how to get to him. She knew about his limited strategic and tactical abilities, his blue blood, the drinking, his womanizing, his vulgarity and his ambition.
She sailed with silver oars, purple sails with her Erotes fanning her and the Nereid handmaids steering and she was dressed as Aphrodite, the goddess of love. This was a very calculated entrance; considered vulgar by many.
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It was a vulgar display to attract the attention of a vulgar man. Mark Antony loved the idea of having a blue-blooded Ptolemy woman."Do You not know, Asclepius, that Egypt is an image of heaven, or, to speak more exactly, in Egypt all the operations of the powers which rule and work in heaven have been transferred to Earth below?" Asclepius III, 24b.
Ptolemaic Egypt, along with the other The second Greek city founded after the conquest of Egypt was Ptolemais, miles ( km) up the Nile, The Ptolemaic kingdom was diverse in the people who settled and made Egypt their home at this time. During this period, Capital: Alexandria.
DESERT FATHERS OF EGYPT AND CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY. The early phase of Coptic monasticism is more complex than generally thought. One of the most evocative periods in the history of Christianity, the various texts associated with Antony, Pakhom, . The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the .
The "Coptic period" also called Egypt's Christian period—lasted a years, from the 4th Century to the 9th Century C.E.
and is referred to as the "Late Roman Egypt" (3rd−4th centuries) and "Byzantine Egypt" (4th−7th centuries) AT A TIME WHEN THE MAJORITY OF EGYPT'S POPULATION WAS CHRISTIAN. When most people cite Ancient Egyptian history it conventionally covers the period up to the Persian occupation c.
BC, and is broken up into several distinct periods (see table).The major groupings are the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms.